How are the interventions against COVID-19 working in Sweden?

How are the interventions against COVID-19 working in Sweden?

In a new study, Swedish researchers speculate the effects of the present intervention strategies on the healthcare system as the COVID-19 pandemic affects the nation. Their study titled, “Intervention strategies against COVID-19 and their estimated impact on Swedish healthcare capacity,” has not been published yet; however, the findings are available as pre-peer-reviewed study at medRxiv . Stockholm, Sweden April 19, 2020 A popular cafe in the Sundbyberg suburb stays open during the coronavirus epidemic. Image Credit: Alexanderstock23 / Shutterstock What was the study about? The COVID-19 pandemic has spread across the globe, and at present many nations have adopted a non-pharmaceutical intervention of lockdowns and social distancing to prevent the spread of this highly infectious virus. They note that the range of hospitalization rates according to age is between 1 and 70 percent in the United States and between 0.04 to 18.4 percent in China. They conclude that this means that “the total number of people requiring hospitalization will exceed the total number of beds available in many countries.” To combat the speed of the pandemic with resources such as intensive care beds and ventilators, thus is critical, they wrote. This has been noted from the data gathered from China, Italy, and Spain. This is also crucial they explain because “many COVID-19 pneumonia patients die from severe respiratory diseases including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).” The team of researchers wrote, “Most European countries have enacted strict suppression measures including lockdown, school closures, enforced social distancing, while Sweden has chosen a different strategy of milder.” They speculate that these strategies of public health interventions could have an impact on the nation’s death rates due to COVID-19 and also affect its healthcare system. Sweden currently has 14,385 confirmed cases and 1,540 deaths. What was done? For this study, the team of researchers used “individual-based transmission modeling” among Swedish participants. The data was obtained from the Swedish demographic and Geographical Information System data. The model was used to simulate the course of the infection among the 10.09 million Swedish residents. The team looked at the outcome of five different non-pharmaceutical interventions among the population as of 10 April 2020. These include; Present Swedish policy Closing schools and universities, social distancing for those over 70 years age, home quarantine for those with symptoms. Isolation of the whole household where confirmed cases have been found. Closing the schools and other non-essential establishments including businesses and entertainment zones with or without strict social distancing. Closing schools and non-essential businesses with strict enforcement of social distancing. All schools and non-essential businesses closed and social distancing for the whole population. Related Stories



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