In his 2020 State of the Union address, President Donald Trump attempted to tie a Democratic proposal for health care reform to one of his signature issues: immigration.
"Over 130 legislators in this chamber have endorsed legislation that would bankrupt our nation by providing free taxpayer-funded healthcare to millions of illegal aliens, forcing taxpayers to subsidize free care for anyone in the world who unlawfully crosses our borders,” Trump said Feb. 4.
That appears to be a reference to the "Medicare for All" bills put forth in the Senate and House by Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.) that would establish a universal, government-funded health care system. They're the flagship Medicare for All proposals and have shaped a large portion of the 2020 campaign discourse on health care. We reached out to the White House to confirm that Trump was referring to these plans, but didn't hear back.
That said, Trump has made similar remarks before about Medicare for All. And he is on target with his co-sponsor estimate for these bills. The Sanders measure has 14 Senate co-sponsors and the Jayapal legislation has 118 in the House.
His remarks were dramatic, though, in highlighting the proposal's alleged consequences for undocumented immigrants. And health policy experts told us Trump missed the mark. The immigration question
Trump is correct in his understanding that these proposals are intended to provide coverage regardless of immigration status.
But evidence does not support his argument that Medicare for All would "bankrupt" the country by extending health insurance coverage to everyone, and to immigrants in the country illegally in particular.
One point: While the single-payer system outlined in the pending legislative proposals would increase public spending — and by a significant amount — its backers say that total health care spending likely wouldn't change that much. That's because, as the plan is envisioned, while government spending would go up, private health expenditures would disappear.
"Medicare for All would dramatically shift how we pay for health care, but not necessarily how much we spend in total," said Larry Levitt, a vice president at the Kaiser Family Foundation. "It's hard to make the case that it would bankrupt the country." ( Kaiser Health News is an editorially independent program of the foundation.)
Furthermore, to suggest that providing undocumented immigrants with insurance would bankrupt the country is misleading. Those immigrants make up a small number of the population — about 11 million, compared to the total national population of approximately 327 million.
"A very, very small percentage of the total cost is associated with that 11 million people," said Linda Blumberg, an analyst at the Urban Institute, a Washington think tank. "We're talking about a strawman." Related Stories
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